What are warts?
Warts are benign skin formations, often of a viral origin, caused by Papilloma Virus (known with its acronym HPV). These skin alterations are composed by an internal tissue nucleus, which draws its nutrition from blood vessels and from several strata of epithelial tissue. Unattractive to look at, warts no longer represent a serious medical problem.
Types of warts
There are four different types of warts. Common warts mainly affect hands, fingers and the areas close to nails. The size of common warts is variable, usually they are oval and dark. The flat wart mostly affect the back of hands and the face. Children and the people more exposed to stress are those more affected by these growths. Plantar warts form on the foot sole; they are identified by minute spots whose size increases according to the movement of the foot. Plantar warts can become so painful that it makes walking very difficult. Filiform warts mainly form on face and neck. They have an elongated shape, their colour very often tends to white or yellow. They are characterized by the speed with which they stick to the skin. Seborrheic warts simply lean on healthy derma, easy to remove, obtaining an exceptional aesthetic effect.
How are warts transmitted?
Hot and humid environments favour the survival of the Papilloma Virus. The transmission of the virus happens by direct contact or going to contaminated places such as gym clubs, swimming pools and shower boxes. The virus succeeds in penetrating the skin in the presence of lesions. Anyway, the spreading of warts is connected to an individual’s immune system. If a person has a fragile immune system, that person will more easily run the risk of warts.
Treatment to eliminate warts
The methods to eliminate warts vary according to the type of wart and to the body area affected. The affected tissue is sublimated with plasma and, after the removal of the wart, a crust is formed. With cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen), the tissue is frozen. The result of the freezing is a blister replacing the wart. The part of the skin treated falls within a few days.